Are you ready to about chest physiotherapy, postural drainage, and all the different cpt positions? I sure hope so because that is what this study guide is all about. It is a form of airway clearance therapy generally performed by a respiratory therapist with the goal of clearing mucus from the airways and lungs.
Chest physical therapy (cpt), or postural drainage and percussion (pd & p), uses gravity and percussion (clapping on the chest andor back) to loosen the thick, sticky mucus in the lungs so it can be removed by coughing.
Postural drainage uses gravity to help move mucus from the lungs up to the throat. The person lies or sits in various positions so that the part of the lung to be drained is as high as possible. The part of the lung is then drained using percussion, vibration and gravity. For a complete descrip-tion of these positions, see diagrams on pages 4.
These traditional positions, established by practical experience and guided by the anatomy of the bronchial tree, have been summarized and illustrated in relevant textbooks. 5,6 for older children and adults, positioning for postural drainage is assisted by using frames, tilt tables, or pillows postural drainage for an infant is administered.
Postural drainage and percussion involves a combination of techniques, including multiple positions to drain the lungs, percussion, vibration, deep breathing and coughing. When the person with cystic fibrosis is in one of the positions, the caregiver can clap on the persons chest wall.
Children and adults, certain postural drainage positions may worsen heartburn and cause vomiting. Specifically, when some people lay with their heads down (lower than the stomach), they can get reflux. This is stomach acid (heartburn) or food coming up from the stomach.
Gravity assisted drainage (gad) gravity assisted drainage positions (also known as gad or postural drainage) can be used to assist the clearance of excess bronchial secretions from the lungs (eaton et al 2007).
В heres how we do manual chest pt (physical therapy or physiotherapy) for airway clearance. Cystic fibrosis causes an excessive amount of thick, infected mucus in the lungs that requires routine.
Postural drainage therapy (pdt) is a component of bronchial hygiene therapy. It consists of postural drainage, positioning, and turning and is sometimes accompanied by chest percussion andor vibration. Cough or airway clearance techniques are essential components of therapy when postural drainage is intended to mobilize secretions.